Specialising in Rainwater Tank Systems
and Bushfire Protection in Adelaide

Rainwater Harvesting

Why Rainwater??

  • Reducing water bills
  • Average family home consumption data & graphs
  • How much you can expect to harvest

Nature gives us our rainwater for free and once you have installed an efficient, rain harvesting system you use less mains water and can reduce your water bills. 

Australians have used rainwater as one of their sources of water for all requirements - drinking, cooking, showering, laundry, toilet flushing through to watering the garden and now with evidence of our diminishing water supply it is more urgent than ever to have your personal safe and sustainable water supply.

home consumption pie chart

Average Household Water Usage

Garden 30- 50% - (depends on size of garden and local water restrictions)

Toilet 8 - 19% - (depends on single or dual flush toilets)

Hot water 20 - 35% - (depends on washing clothes in hot water and shower times)

Laundry 10 - 20%

Shower / Bathroom 15 - 30%

Kitchen 5% - 75,000 up to 150,000 ltrs water consumption per person per year

Rainwater - The Untapped Potential

The average household has the potential to harvest 60,000 litres (60kl) of rainwater annually* - based on conservative data!
* (based on 120m2 roof area, 600mm rainfall a year with 90% co-efficient)

  • Currently only around 21 per cent of Australian households (1,550,000+ households) have a rainwater tank installed.
  • There is obviously, therefore, enormous scope to increase water tank usage in the cities and suburbs to supplement the mains water supply.
  • In simple terms, 1 square metre of roof x 1mm of rainfall will collect 1 litre of water.

By using rainwater instead of mains water for garden and outdoor use, toilet flushing and laundry (washing machine use) we can reduce our dependence on mains drinking water consumption by up to 70 per cent.


Rainwater Tanks and Maintaining Rainwater Quality

  • General tank maintainence advice
  • Algal growth control
  • Inlet, Outlet and Inspection Hole pointers
  • Useful links for further information.

With proper management a rainwater tank can provide a supply of good quality potable (drinkable water).

Rainwater tanks should protect the water from contaminates like leaves, dust, pesticides, industrial pollution, vermin, insects and fertiliser sprays.

Tanks should be positioned in a shady spot, preferably away from trees to prevent leaves, etc., contaminating water.

All openings should be equipped with close fitting lids, or mesh screens.

The Inlet

Various inline screens and filters are available or can be made. Ensure that screens and filters are positioned so they are accessible for cleaning.

Openings should be screened so that the mesh gauze will fit on a collar about 50mm deep. This will allow effective water flow into the tank.

Avoid brass or copper screens as they may react with the galvanising of the tank. Ensure that screens are mosquito proof.

Overflow on Outlet

Treat this in the same way you do the inlet.

Inspection Hole

A close fitting lid which is readily removable is recommended.

Algal Growth

Light will stimulate the growth of algae in stored water. Try to exclude as much light as possible. Where an algal problem already exists, it is best to drain the tank and clean it.

The first rain after a dry spell may wash dust and other contaminants from the roof into the tank. It would be best to exclude this water by diverting the inlet pipe away from the tank. Follow-up rains should then be suitable for collection.

Further Information

SA govt information resources on rainwater tanks - https://www.sa.gov.au/topics/water-energy-and-environment/water/rainwater-tanks

Rainwater tanks and water quality (PDF) -http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/0D71DB86E9DA7CF1CA257BF0001CBF2F/$File/enhealth-raintank.pdf

view the Australian Drinking Water Guidelines - https://www.nhmrc.gov.au/guidelines-publications/eh52

Save Water in your home - http://www.sawater.com.au/residential/water-in-your-home-and-garden/save-water-inside-your-home


Water Tanks systems for fire protection

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Specialists in
Bushfire Protection
Rain Harvesting Solutions


Tony Migalka
m. 0418 827 200

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